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Theorem cardlim 7621
Description: An infinite cardinal is a limit ordinal. Equivalent to Exercise 4 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 91. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jan-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
cardlim  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  <->  Lim  ( card `  A
) )

Proof of Theorem cardlim
Dummy variable  x is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 sseq2 3213 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  <->  om  C_  suc  x ) )
21biimpd 198 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  om  C_  suc  x ) )
3 limom 4687 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  Lim  om
4 limsssuc 4657 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( Lim 
om  ->  ( om  C_  x  <->  om  C_  suc  x ) )
53, 4ax-mp 8 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( om  C_  x  <->  om  C_  suc  x )
6 infensuc 7055 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  /\  om  C_  x )  ->  x  ~~  suc  x )
76ex 423 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  ( om  C_  x  ->  x  ~~  suc  x ) )
85, 7syl5bir 209 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  ( om  C_  suc  x  ->  x  ~~  suc  x ) )
92, 8sylan9r 639 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  /\  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x )  -> 
( om  C_  ( card `  A )  ->  x  ~~  suc  x ) )
10 breq2 4043 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  (
x  ~~  ( card `  A )  <->  x  ~~  suc  x ) )
1110adantl 452 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  /\  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x )  -> 
( x  ~~  ( card `  A )  <->  x  ~~  suc  x ) )
129, 11sylibrd 225 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  /\  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x )  -> 
( om  C_  ( card `  A )  ->  x  ~~  ( card `  A
) ) )
1312ex 423 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  (
( card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  x  ~~  ( card `  A )
) ) )
1413com3r 73 . . . . . 6  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  ( x  e.  On  ->  ( ( card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  x  ~~  ( card `  A
) ) ) )
1514imp 418 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( om  C_  ( card `  A )  /\  x  e.  On )  ->  (
( card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  x  ~~  ( card `  A
) ) )
16 vex 2804 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  x  e. 
_V
1716sucid 4487 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  x  e. 
suc  x
18 eleq2 2357 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  (
x  e.  ( card `  A )  <->  x  e.  suc  x ) )
1917, 18mpbiri 224 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  x  e.  ( card `  A
) )
20 cardidm 7608 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( card `  ( card `  A
) )  =  (
card `  A )
2119, 20syl6eleqr 2387 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  x  e.  ( card `  ( card `  A ) ) )
22 cardne 7614 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( x  e.  ( card `  ( card `  A ) )  ->  -.  x  ~~  ( card `  A )
)
2321, 22syl 15 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  -.  x  ~~  ( card `  A
) )
2423a1i 10 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( om  C_  ( card `  A )  /\  x  e.  On )  ->  (
( card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  -.  x  ~~  ( card `  A
) ) )
2515, 24pm2.65d 166 . . . 4  |-  ( ( om  C_  ( card `  A )  /\  x  e.  On )  ->  -.  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x )
2625nrexdv 2659 . . 3  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  -.  E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A
)  =  suc  x
)
27 peano1 4691 . . . . . 6  |-  (/)  e.  om
28 ssel 3187 . . . . . 6  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  ( (/)  e.  om  -> 
(/)  e.  ( card `  A ) ) )
2927, 28mpi 16 . . . . 5  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  (/)  e.  (
card `  A )
)
30 n0i 3473 . . . . 5  |-  ( (/)  e.  ( card `  A
)  ->  -.  ( card `  A )  =  (/) )
31 cardon 7593 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( card `  A )  e.  On
3231onordi 4513 . . . . . . . 8  |-  Ord  ( card `  A )
33 ordzsl 4652 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( Ord  ( card `  A
)  <->  ( ( card `  A )  =  (/)  \/ 
E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x  \/  Lim  ( card `  A )
) )
3432, 33mpbi 199 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  (/)  \/  E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A
)  =  suc  x  \/  Lim  ( card `  A
) )
35 3orass 937 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( card `  A
)  =  (/)  \/  E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x  \/  Lim  ( card `  A )
)  <->  ( ( card `  A )  =  (/)  \/  ( E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A
)  =  suc  x  \/  Lim  ( card `  A
) ) ) )
3634, 35mpbi 199 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
card `  A )  =  (/)  \/  ( E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x  \/  Lim  ( card `  A )
) )
3736ori 364 . . . . 5  |-  ( -.  ( card `  A
)  =  (/)  ->  ( E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x  \/  Lim  ( card `  A )
) )
3829, 30, 373syl 18 . . . 4  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  ( E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x  \/  Lim  ( card `  A )
) )
3938ord 366 . . 3  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  ( -.  E. x  e.  On  ( card `  A )  =  suc  x  ->  Lim  ( card `  A )
) )
4026, 39mpd 14 . 2  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  ->  Lim  ( card `  A ) )
41 limomss 4677 . 2  |-  ( Lim  ( card `  A
)  ->  om  C_  ( card `  A ) )
4240, 41impbii 180 1  |-  ( om  C_  ( card `  A
)  <->  Lim  ( card `  A
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    <-> wb 176    \/ wo 357    /\ wa 358    \/ w3o 933    = wceq 1632    e. wcel 1696   E.wrex 2557    C_ wss 3165   (/)c0 3468   class class class wbr 4039   Ord word 4407   Oncon0 4408   Lim wlim 4409   suc csuc 4410   omcom 4672   ` cfv 5271    ~~ cen 6876   cardccrd 7584
This theorem is referenced by:  infxpenlem  7657  alephislim  7726  cflim2  7905  winalim  8333  gruina  8456  cartarlim  26008
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1536  ax-5 1547  ax-17 1606  ax-9 1644  ax-8 1661  ax-13 1698  ax-14 1700  ax-6 1715  ax-7 1720  ax-11 1727  ax-12 1878  ax-ext 2277  ax-sep 4157  ax-nul 4165  ax-pow 4204  ax-pr 4230  ax-un 4528
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 177  df-or 359  df-an 360  df-3or 935  df-3an 936  df-tru 1310  df-ex 1532  df-nf 1535  df-sb 1639  df-eu 2160  df-mo 2161  df-clab 2283  df-cleq 2289  df-clel 2292  df-nfc 2421  df-ne 2461  df-ral 2561  df-rex 2562  df-rab 2565  df-v 2803  df-sbc 3005  df-csb 3095  df-dif 3168  df-un 3170  df-in 3172  df-ss 3179  df-pss 3181  df-nul 3469  df-if 3579  df-pw 3640  df-sn 3659  df-pr 3660  df-tp 3661  df-op 3662  df-uni 3844  df-int 3879  df-br 4040  df-opab 4094  df-mpt 4095  df-tr 4130  df-eprel 4321  df-id 4325  df-po 4330  df-so 4331  df-fr 4368  df-we 4370  df-ord 4411  df-on 4412  df-lim 4413  df-suc 4414  df-om 4673  df-xp 4711  df-rel 4712  df-cnv 4713  df-co 4714  df-dm 4715  df-rn 4716  df-res 4717  df-ima 4718  df-iota 5235  df-fun 5273  df-fn 5274  df-f 5275  df-f1 5276  df-fo 5277  df-f1o 5278  df-fv 5279  df-1o 6495  df-er 6676  df-en 6880  df-dom 6881  df-card 7588
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