MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  cubic Unicode version

Theorem cubic 20558
Description: The cubic equation, which gives the roots of an arbitrary (nondegenerate) cubic function. Use rextp 3809 to convert the existential quantifier to a triple disjunction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
cubic.r  |-  R  =  { 1 ,  ( ( -u 1  +  ( _i  x.  ( sqr `  3 ) ) )  /  2 ) ,  ( ( -u
1  -  ( _i  x.  ( sqr `  3
) ) )  / 
2 ) }
cubic.a  |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )
cubic.z  |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/=  0 )
cubic.b  |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )
cubic.c  |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )
cubic.d  |-  ( ph  ->  D  e.  CC )
cubic.x  |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  CC )
cubic.t  |-  ( ph  ->  T  =  ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  /  2 )  ^ c  ( 1  /  3 ) ) )
cubic.g  |-  ( ph  ->  G  =  ( ( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) ) ) )
cubic.m  |-  ( ph  ->  M  =  ( ( B ^ 2 )  -  ( 3  x.  ( A  x.  C
) ) ) )
cubic.n  |-  ( ph  ->  N  =  ( ( ( 2  x.  ( B ^ 3 ) )  -  ( ( 9  x.  A )  x.  ( B  x.  C
) ) )  +  (; 2 7  x.  (
( A ^ 2 )  x.  D ) ) ) )
cubic.0  |-  ( ph  ->  M  =/=  0 )
Assertion
Ref Expression
cubic  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( ( A  x.  ( X ^ 3 ) )  +  ( B  x.  ( X ^ 2 ) ) )  +  ( ( C  x.  X
)  +  D ) )  =  0  <->  E. r  e.  R  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  / 
( r  x.  T
) ) )  / 
( 3  x.  A
) ) ) )
Distinct variable groups:    A, r    B, r    M, r    N, r    ph, r    T, r    X, r
Allowed substitution hints:    C( r)    D( r)    R( r)    G( r)

Proof of Theorem cubic
StepHypRef Expression
1 cubic.a . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )
2 cubic.z . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/=  0 )
3 cubic.b . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )
4 cubic.c . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )
5 cubic.d . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  D  e.  CC )
6 cubic.x . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  CC )
7 cubic.t . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  T  =  ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  /  2 )  ^ c  ( 1  /  3 ) ) )
8 cubic.n . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  N  =  ( ( ( 2  x.  ( B ^ 3 ) )  -  ( ( 9  x.  A )  x.  ( B  x.  C
) ) )  +  (; 2 7  x.  (
( A ^ 2 )  x.  D ) ) ) )
9 2cn 10004 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  2  e.  CC
10 3nn0 10173 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  3  e.  NN0
11 expcl 11328 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( B  e.  CC  /\  3  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( B ^ 3 )  e.  CC )
123, 10, 11sylancl 644 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ph  ->  ( B ^ 3 )  e.  CC )
13 mulcl 9009 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( 2  e.  CC  /\  ( B ^ 3 )  e.  CC )  -> 
( 2  x.  ( B ^ 3 ) )  e.  CC )
149, 12, 13sylancr 645 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ph  ->  ( 2  x.  ( B ^ 3 ) )  e.  CC )
15 9nn 10074 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  9  e.  NN
1615nncni 9944 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  9  e.  CC
17 mulcl 9009 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( 9  e.  CC  /\  A  e.  CC )  ->  ( 9  x.  A
)  e.  CC )
1816, 1, 17sylancr 645 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ph  ->  ( 9  x.  A
)  e.  CC )
193, 4mulcld 9043 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ph  ->  ( B  x.  C
)  e.  CC )
2018, 19mulcld 9043 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( 9  x.  A )  x.  ( B  x.  C )
)  e.  CC )
2114, 20subcld 9345 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( 2  x.  ( B ^ 3 ) )  -  (
( 9  x.  A
)  x.  ( B  x.  C ) ) )  e.  CC )
22 2nn0 10172 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  2  e.  NN0
23 7nn 10072 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  7  e.  NN
2422, 23decnncl 10329 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |- ; 2 7  e.  NN
2524nncni 9944 . . . . . . . . . 10  |- ; 2 7  e.  CC
261sqcld 11450 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ph  ->  ( A ^ 2 )  e.  CC )
2726, 5mulcld 9043 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( A ^
2 )  x.  D
)  e.  CC )
28 mulcl 9009 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( (; 2
7  e.  CC  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  x.  D
)  e.  CC )  ->  (; 2 7  x.  (
( A ^ 2 )  x.  D ) )  e.  CC )
2925, 27, 28sylancr 645 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  (; 2 7  x.  (
( A ^ 2 )  x.  D ) )  e.  CC )
3021, 29addcld 9042 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( 2  x.  ( B ^
3 ) )  -  ( ( 9  x.  A )  x.  ( B  x.  C )
) )  +  (; 2
7  x.  ( ( A ^ 2 )  x.  D ) ) )  e.  CC )
318, 30eqeltrd 2463 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ph  ->  N  e.  CC )
32 cubic.g . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  G  =  ( ( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) ) ) )
3331sqcld 11450 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ph  ->  ( N ^ 2 )  e.  CC )
34 4cn 10008 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  4  e.  CC
35 cubic.m . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ph  ->  M  =  ( ( B ^ 2 )  -  ( 3  x.  ( A  x.  C
) ) ) )
363sqcld 11450 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( ph  ->  ( B ^ 2 )  e.  CC )
37 3cn 10006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  3  e.  CC
381, 4mulcld 9043 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  C
)  e.  CC )
39 mulcl 9009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  ( ( 3  e.  CC  /\  ( A  x.  C
)  e.  CC )  ->  ( 3  x.  ( A  x.  C
) )  e.  CC )
4037, 38, 39sylancr 645 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( ph  ->  ( 3  x.  ( A  x.  C )
)  e.  CC )
4136, 40subcld 9345 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( B ^
2 )  -  (
3  x.  ( A  x.  C ) ) )  e.  CC )
4235, 41eqeltrd 2463 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  CC )
43 expcl 11328 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( M  e.  CC  /\  3  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( M ^ 3 )  e.  CC )
4442, 10, 43sylancl 644 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ph  ->  ( M ^ 3 )  e.  CC )
45 mulcl 9009 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( 4  e.  CC  /\  ( M ^ 3 )  e.  CC )  -> 
( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) )  e.  CC )
4634, 44, 45sylancr 645 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ph  ->  ( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) )  e.  CC )
4733, 46subcld 9345 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N ^
2 )  -  (
4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) ) )  e.  CC )
4832, 47eqeltrd 2463 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  CC )
4948sqrcld 12168 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ph  ->  ( sqr `  G
)  e.  CC )
5031, 49addcld 9042 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ph  ->  ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  e.  CC )
5150halfcld 10146 . . . . 5  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  /  2 )  e.  CC )
52 3ne0 10019 . . . . . 6  |-  3  =/=  0
5337, 52reccli 9678 . . . . 5  |-  ( 1  /  3 )  e.  CC
54 cxpcl 20434 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  /  2 )  e.  CC  /\  (
1  /  3 )  e.  CC )  -> 
( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G
) )  /  2
)  ^ c  ( 1  /  3 ) )  e.  CC )
5551, 53, 54sylancl 644 . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G
) )  /  2
)  ^ c  ( 1  /  3 ) )  e.  CC )
567, 55eqeltrd 2463 . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  T  e.  CC )
577oveq1d 6037 . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  ( T ^ 3 )  =  ( ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  /  2 )  ^ c  ( 1  /  3 ) ) ^ 3 ) )
58 3nn 10068 . . . . 5  |-  3  e.  NN
59 cxproot 20450 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  /  2 )  e.  CC  /\  3  e.  NN )  ->  (
( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G
) )  /  2
)  ^ c  ( 1  /  3 ) ) ^ 3 )  =  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G
) )  /  2
) )
6051, 58, 59sylancl 644 . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  / 
2 )  ^ c 
( 1  /  3
) ) ^ 3 )  =  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  / 
2 ) )
6157, 60eqtrd 2421 . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  ( T ^ 3 )  =  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  / 
2 ) )
6248sqsqrd 12170 . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( sqr `  G
) ^ 2 )  =  G )
6362, 32eqtrd 2421 . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( sqr `  G
) ^ 2 )  =  ( ( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) ) ) )
649a1i 11 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ph  ->  2  e.  CC )
6534a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  4  e.  CC )
66 4nn 10069 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  4  e.  NN
6766nnne0i 9968 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  4  =/=  0
6867a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  4  =/=  0 )
69 cubic.0 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ph  ->  M  =/=  0 )
7010nn0zi 10240 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  3  e.  ZZ
7170a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ph  ->  3  e.  ZZ )
7242, 69, 71expne0d 11458 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  ( M ^ 3 )  =/=  0 )
7365, 44, 68, 72mulne0d 9608 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) )  =/=  0 )
7463oveq2d 6038 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N ^
2 )  -  (
( sqr `  G
) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N ^ 2 )  -  ( ( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) ) ) ) )
75 subsq 11417 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( N  e.  CC  /\  ( sqr `  G )  e.  CC )  -> 
( ( N ^
2 )  -  (
( sqr `  G
) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) ) ) )
7631, 49, 75syl2anc 643 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N ^
2 )  -  (
( sqr `  G
) ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) ) ) )
7733, 46nncand 9350 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N ^
2 )  -  (
( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 4  x.  ( M ^
3 ) ) ) )  =  ( 4  x.  ( M ^
3 ) ) )
7874, 76, 773eqtr3d 2429 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G
) ) )  =  ( 4  x.  ( M ^ 3 ) ) )
7931, 49subcld 9345 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ph  ->  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) )  e.  CC )
8079mul02d 9198 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( 0  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) ) )  =  0 )
8173, 78, 803netr4d 2579 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G
) ) )  =/=  ( 0  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) ) ) )
82 oveq1 6029 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  =  0  ->  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) ) )  =  ( 0  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) ) ) )
8382necon3i 2591 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G
) ) )  =/=  ( 0  x.  ( N  -  ( sqr `  G ) ) )  ->  ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  =/=  0 )
8481, 83syl 16 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ph  ->  ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  =/=  0 )
85 2ne0 10017 . . . . . . 7  |-  2  =/=  0
8685a1i 11 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ph  ->  2  =/=  0 )
8750, 64, 84, 86divne0d 9740 . . . . 5  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G ) )  /  2 )  =/=  0 )
8853a1i 11 . . . . 5  |-  ( ph  ->  ( 1  /  3
)  e.  CC )
8951, 87, 88cxpne0d 20473 . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( N  +  ( sqr `  G
) )  /  2
)  ^ c  ( 1  /  3 ) )  =/=  0 )
907, 89eqnetrd 2570 . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  T  =/=  0 )
911, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 56, 61, 49, 63, 35, 8, 90cubic2 20557 . 2  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( ( A  x.  ( X ^ 3 ) )  +  ( B  x.  ( X ^ 2 ) ) )  +  ( ( C  x.  X
)  +  D ) )  =  0  <->  E. r  e.  CC  (
( r ^ 3 )  =  1  /\  X  =  -u (
( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T
) )  +  ( M  /  ( r  x.  T ) ) )  /  ( 3  x.  A ) ) ) ) )
92 cubic.r . . . . . 6  |-  R  =  { 1 ,  ( ( -u 1  +  ( _i  x.  ( sqr `  3 ) ) )  /  2 ) ,  ( ( -u
1  -  ( _i  x.  ( sqr `  3
) ) )  / 
2 ) }
93921cubr 20551 . . . . 5  |-  ( r  e.  R  <->  ( r  e.  CC  /\  ( r ^ 3 )  =  1 ) )
9493anbi1i 677 . . . 4  |-  ( ( r  e.  R  /\  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  /  ( r  x.  T ) ) )  /  ( 3  x.  A ) ) )  <-> 
( ( r  e.  CC  /\  ( r ^ 3 )  =  1 )  /\  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  / 
( r  x.  T
) ) )  / 
( 3  x.  A
) ) ) )
95 anass 631 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( r  e.  CC  /\  ( r ^ 3 )  =  1 )  /\  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  /  (
r  x.  T ) ) )  /  (
3  x.  A ) ) )  <->  ( r  e.  CC  /\  ( ( r ^ 3 )  =  1  /\  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  / 
( r  x.  T
) ) )  / 
( 3  x.  A
) ) ) ) )
9694, 95bitri 241 . . 3  |-  ( ( r  e.  R  /\  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  /  ( r  x.  T ) ) )  /  ( 3  x.  A ) ) )  <-> 
( r  e.  CC  /\  ( ( r ^
3 )  =  1  /\  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  /  (
r  x.  T ) ) )  /  (
3  x.  A ) ) ) ) )
9796rexbii2 2680 . 2  |-  ( E. r  e.  R  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  / 
( r  x.  T
) ) )  / 
( 3  x.  A
) )  <->  E. r  e.  CC  ( ( r ^ 3 )  =  1  /\  X  = 
-u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  / 
( r  x.  T
) ) )  / 
( 3  x.  A
) ) ) )
9891, 97syl6bbr 255 1  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( ( A  x.  ( X ^ 3 ) )  +  ( B  x.  ( X ^ 2 ) ) )  +  ( ( C  x.  X
)  +  D ) )  =  0  <->  E. r  e.  R  X  =  -u ( ( ( B  +  ( r  x.  T ) )  +  ( M  / 
( r  x.  T
) ) )  / 
( 3  x.  A
) ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    <-> wb 177    /\ wa 359    = wceq 1649    e. wcel 1717    =/= wne 2552   E.wrex 2652   {ctp 3761   ` cfv 5396  (class class class)co 6022   CCcc 8923   0cc0 8925   1c1 8926   _ici 8927    + caddc 8928    x. cmul 8930    - cmin 9225   -ucneg 9226    / cdiv 9611   NNcn 9934   2c2 9983   3c3 9984   4c4 9985   7c7 9988   9c9 9990   NN0cn0 10155   ZZcz 10216  ;cdc 10316   ^cexp 11311   sqrcsqr 11967    ^ c ccxp 20322
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1552  ax-5 1563  ax-17 1623  ax-9 1661  ax-8 1682  ax-13 1719  ax-14 1721  ax-6 1736  ax-7 1741  ax-11 1753  ax-12 1939  ax-ext 2370  ax-rep 4263  ax-sep 4273  ax-nul 4281  ax-pow 4320  ax-pr 4346  ax-un 4643  ax-inf2 7531  ax-cnex 8981  ax-resscn 8982  ax-1cn 8983  ax-icn 8984  ax-addcl 8985  ax-addrcl 8986  ax-mulcl 8987  ax-mulrcl 8988  ax-mulcom 8989  ax-addass 8990  ax-mulass 8991  ax-distr 8992  ax-i2m1 8993  ax-1ne0 8994  ax-1rid 8995  ax-rnegex 8996  ax-rrecex 8997  ax-cnre 8998  ax-pre-lttri 8999  ax-pre-lttrn 9000  ax-pre-ltadd 9001  ax-pre-mulgt0 9002  ax-pre-sup 9003  ax-addf 9004  ax-mulf 9005
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 178  df-or 360  df-an 361  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-tru 1325  df-ex 1548  df-nf 1551  df-sb 1656  df-eu 2244  df-mo 2245  df-clab 2376  df-cleq 2382  df-clel 2385  df-nfc 2514  df-ne 2554  df-nel 2555  df-ral 2656  df-rex 2657  df-reu 2658  df-rmo 2659  df-rab 2660  df-v 2903  df-sbc 3107  df-csb 3197  df-dif 3268  df-un 3270  df-in 3272  df-ss 3279  df-pss 3281  df-nul 3574  df-if 3685  df-pw 3746  df-sn 3765  df-pr 3766  df-tp 3767  df-op 3768  df-uni 3960  df-int 3995  df-iun 4039  df-iin 4040  df-br 4156  df-opab 4210  df-mpt 4211  df-tr 4246  df-eprel 4437  df-id 4441  df-po 4446  df-so 4447  df-fr 4484  df-se 4485  df-we 4486  df-ord 4527  df-on 4528  df-lim 4529  df-suc 4530  df-om 4788  df-xp 4826  df-rel 4827  df-cnv 4828  df-co 4829  df-dm 4830  df-rn 4831  df-res 4832  df-ima 4833  df-iota 5360  df-fun 5398  df-fn 5399  df-f 5400  df-f1 5401  df-fo 5402  df-f1o 5403  df-fv 5404  df-isom 5405  df-ov 6025  df-oprab 6026  df-mpt2 6027  df-of 6246  df-1st 6290  df-2nd 6291  df-riota 6487  df-recs 6571  df-rdg 6606  df-1o 6662  df-2o 6663  df-oadd 6666  df-er 6843  df-map 6958  df-pm 6959  df-ixp 7002  df-en 7048  df-dom 7049  df-sdom 7050  df-fin 7051  df-fi 7353  df-sup 7383  df-oi 7414  df-card 7761  df-cda 7983  df-pnf 9057  df-mnf 9058  df-xr 9059  df-ltxr 9060  df-le 9061  df-sub 9227  df-neg 9228  df-div 9612  df-nn 9935  df-2 9992  df-3 9993  df-4 9994  df-5 9995  df-6 9996  df-7 9997  df-8 9998  df-9 9999  df-10 10000  df-n0 10156  df-z 10217  df-dec 10317  df-uz 10423  df-q 10509  df-rp 10547  df-xneg 10644  df-xadd 10645  df-xmul 10646  df-ioo 10854  df-ioc 10855  df-ico 10856  df-icc 10857  df-fz 10978  df-fzo 11068  df-fl 11131  df-mod 11180  df-seq 11253  df-exp 11312  df-fac 11496  df-bc 11523  df-hash 11548  df-shft 11811  df-cj 11833  df-re 11834  df-im 11835  df-sqr 11969  df-abs 11970  df-limsup 12194  df-clim 12211  df-rlim 12212  df-sum 12409  df-ef 12599  df-sin 12601  df-cos 12602  df-pi 12604  df-dvds 12782  df-struct 13400  df-ndx 13401  df-slot 13402  df-base 13403  df-sets 13404  df-ress 13405  df-plusg 13471  df-mulr 13472  df-starv 13473  df-sca 13474  df-vsca 13475  df-tset 13477  df-ple 13478  df-ds 13480  df-unif 13481  df-hom 13482  df-cco 13483  df-rest 13579  df-topn 13580  df-topgen 13596  df-pt 13597  df-prds 13600  df-xrs 13655  df-0g 13656  df-gsum 13657  df-qtop 13662  df-imas 13663  df-xps 13665  df-mre 13740  df-mrc 13741  df-acs 13743  df-mnd 14619  df-submnd 14668  df-mulg 14744  df-cntz 15045  df-cmn 15343  df-xmet 16621  df-met 16622  df-bl 16623  df-mopn 16624  df-fbas 16625  df-fg 16626  df-cnfld 16629  df-top 16888  df-bases 16890  df-topon 16891  df-topsp 16892  df-cld 17008  df-ntr 17009  df-cls 17010  df-nei 17087  df-lp 17125  df-perf 17126  df-cn 17215  df-cnp 17216  df-haus 17303  df-tx 17517  df-hmeo 17710  df-fil 17801  df-fm 17893  df-flim 17894  df-flf 17895  df-xms 18261  df-ms 18262  df-tms 18263  df-cncf 18781  df-limc 19622  df-dv 19623  df-log 20323  df-cxp 20324
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator