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Theorem expmul 11163
Description: Product of exponents law for natural number exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(b) of [Gleason] p. 135, restricted to nonnegative integer exponents. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2006.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
expmul  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0  /\  N  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  N ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ N
) )

Proof of Theorem expmul
Dummy variables  j 
k are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 oveq2 5882 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  ( M  x.  j )  =  ( M  x.  0 ) )
21oveq2d 5890 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( A ^ ( M  x.  0 ) ) )
3 oveq2 5882 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  (
( A ^ M
) ^ j )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^
0 ) )
42, 3eqeq12d 2310 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  (
( A ^ ( M  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j )  <->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  0 ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ 0 ) ) )
54imbi2d 307 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  (
( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e. 
NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j
) )  <->  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  0 ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ 0 ) ) ) )
6 oveq2 5882 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  ( M  x.  j )  =  ( M  x.  k ) )
76oveq2d 5890 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( A ^ ( M  x.  k )
) )
8 oveq2 5882 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  (
( A ^ M
) ^ j )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^
k ) )
97, 8eqeq12d 2310 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  (
( A ^ ( M  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j )  <->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  k ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ k
) ) )
109imbi2d 307 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  (
( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e. 
NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j
) )  <->  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  k ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ k
) ) ) )
11 oveq2 5882 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  ( M  x.  j )  =  ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )
1211oveq2d 5890 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( A ^ ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
13 oveq2 5882 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  (
( A ^ M
) ^ j )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^
( k  +  1 ) ) )
1412, 13eqeq12d 2310 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  (
( A ^ ( M  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j )  <->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) ) ) )
1514imbi2d 307 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  (
( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e. 
NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j
) )  <->  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
16 oveq2 5882 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  ( M  x.  j )  =  ( M  x.  N ) )
1716oveq2d 5890 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( A ^ ( M  x.  N )
) )
18 oveq2 5882 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  (
( A ^ M
) ^ j )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ N ) )
1917, 18eqeq12d 2310 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  (
( A ^ ( M  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j )  <->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  N ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ N
) ) )
2019imbi2d 307 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  (
( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e. 
NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  j ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ j
) )  <->  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  N ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ N
) ) ) )
21 nn0cn 9991 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( M  e.  NN0  ->  M  e.  CC )
2221mul01d 9027 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( M  e.  NN0  ->  ( M  x.  0 )  =  0 )
2322oveq2d 5890 . . . . . 6  |-  ( M  e.  NN0  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  0 ) )  =  ( A ^ 0 ) )
24 exp0 11124 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A ^ 0 )  =  1 )
2523, 24sylan9eqr 2350 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A ^ ( M  x.  0 ) )  =  1 )
26 expcl 11137 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A ^ M
)  e.  CC )
27 exp0 11124 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A ^ M )  e.  CC  ->  (
( A ^ M
) ^ 0 )  =  1 )
2826, 27syl 15 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( A ^ M ) ^ 0 )  =  1 )
2925, 28eqtr4d 2331 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A ^ ( M  x.  0 ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ 0 ) )
30 oveq1 5881 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A ^ ( M  x.  k ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^
k )  ->  (
( A ^ ( M  x.  k )
)  x.  ( A ^ M ) )  =  ( ( ( A ^ M ) ^ k )  x.  ( A ^ M
) ) )
31 nn0cn 9991 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( k  e.  NN0  ->  k  e.  CC )
32 ax-1cn 8811 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  1  e.  CC
33 adddi 8842 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( ( M  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( M  x.  k )  +  ( M  x.  1 ) ) )
3432, 33mp3an3 1266 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( M  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( M  x.  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( M  x.  k )  +  ( M  x.  1 ) ) )
35 mulid1 8851 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  ( M  e.  CC  ->  ( M  x.  1 )  =  M )
3635adantr 451 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( ( M  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( M  x.  1 )  =  M )
3736oveq2d 5890 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( M  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( M  x.  k )  +  ( M  x.  1 ) )  =  ( ( M  x.  k )  +  M ) )
3834, 37eqtrd 2328 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( M  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( M  x.  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( M  x.  k )  +  M ) )
3921, 31, 38syl2an 463 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( M  e.  NN0  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( M  x.  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( M  x.  k )  +  M ) )
4039adantll 694 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( M  x.  k
)  +  M ) )
4140oveq2d 5890 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^
( M  x.  (
k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( A ^ ( ( M  x.  k )  +  M ) ) )
42 simpll 730 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  A  e.  CC )
43 nn0mulcl 10016 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( M  e.  NN0  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( M  x.  k
)  e.  NN0 )
4443adantll 694 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( M  x.  k )  e.  NN0 )
45 simplr 731 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  M  e.  NN0 )
46 expadd 11160 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  ( M  x.  k
)  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A ^ (
( M  x.  k
)  +  M ) )  =  ( ( A ^ ( M  x.  k ) )  x.  ( A ^ M ) ) )
4742, 44, 45, 46syl3anc 1182 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^
( ( M  x.  k )  +  M
) )  =  ( ( A ^ ( M  x.  k )
)  x.  ( A ^ M ) ) )
4841, 47eqtrd 2328 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^
( M  x.  (
k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( A ^ ( M  x.  k )
)  x.  ( A ^ M ) ) )
49 expp1 11126 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A ^ M
)  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( A ^ M ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( A ^ M
) ^ k )  x.  ( A ^ M ) ) )
5026, 49sylan 457 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( ( A ^ M ) ^
( k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( A ^ M ) ^ k
)  x.  ( A ^ M ) ) )
5148, 50eqeq12d 2310 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( ( A ^ ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) )  <->  ( ( A ^ ( M  x.  k ) )  x.  ( A ^ M
) )  =  ( ( ( A ^ M ) ^ k
)  x.  ( A ^ M ) ) ) )
5230, 51syl5ibr 212 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( ( A ^ ( M  x.  k ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ k
)  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) ) ) )
5352expcom 424 . . . . 5  |-  ( k  e.  NN0  ->  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( A ^
( M  x.  k
) )  =  ( ( A ^ M
) ^ k )  ->  ( A ^
( M  x.  (
k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M
) ^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
5453a2d 23 . . . 4  |-  ( k  e.  NN0  ->  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ k ) )  ->  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
555, 10, 15, 20, 29, 54nn0ind 10124 . . 3  |-  ( N  e.  NN0  ->  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A ^ ( M  x.  N )
)  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ N ) ) )
5655exp3acom3r 1360 . 2  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( M  e.  NN0  ->  ( N  e.  NN0  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  N ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ N
) ) ) )
57563imp 1145 1  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  M  e.  NN0  /\  N  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A ^ ( M  x.  N ) )  =  ( ( A ^ M ) ^ N
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    /\ wa 358    /\ w3a 934    = wceq 1632    e. wcel 1696  (class class class)co 5874   CCcc 8751   0cc0 8753   1c1 8754    + caddc 8756    x. cmul 8758   NN0cn0 9981   ^cexp 11120
This theorem is referenced by:  expmulz  11164  expnass  11224  expmuld  11264  mcubic  20159  quart1  20168  log2cnv  20256  log2ublem2  20259  log2ub  20261  basellem3  20336  bclbnd  20535  stoweidlem1  27853  stirlinglem3  27928
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1536  ax-5 1547  ax-17 1606  ax-9 1644  ax-8 1661  ax-13 1698  ax-14 1700  ax-6 1715  ax-7 1720  ax-11 1727  ax-12 1878  ax-ext 2277  ax-sep 4157  ax-nul 4165  ax-pow 4204  ax-pr 4230  ax-un 4528  ax-cnex 8809  ax-resscn 8810  ax-1cn 8811  ax-icn 8812  ax-addcl 8813  ax-addrcl 8814  ax-mulcl 8815  ax-mulrcl 8816  ax-mulcom 8817  ax-addass 8818  ax-mulass 8819  ax-distr 8820  ax-i2m1 8821  ax-1ne0 8822  ax-1rid 8823  ax-rnegex 8824  ax-rrecex 8825  ax-cnre 8826  ax-pre-lttri 8827  ax-pre-lttrn 8828  ax-pre-ltadd 8829  ax-pre-mulgt0 8830
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 177  df-or 359  df-an 360  df-3or 935  df-3an 936  df-tru 1310  df-ex 1532  df-nf 1535  df-sb 1639  df-eu 2160  df-mo 2161  df-clab 2283  df-cleq 2289  df-clel 2292  df-nfc 2421  df-ne 2461  df-nel 2462  df-ral 2561  df-rex 2562  df-reu 2563  df-rab 2565  df-v 2803  df-sbc 3005  df-csb 3095  df-dif 3168  df-un 3170  df-in 3172  df-ss 3179  df-pss 3181  df-nul 3469  df-if 3579  df-pw 3640  df-sn 3659  df-pr 3660  df-tp 3661  df-op 3662  df-uni 3844  df-iun 3923  df-br 4040  df-opab 4094  df-mpt 4095  df-tr 4130  df-eprel 4321  df-id 4325  df-po 4330  df-so 4331  df-fr 4368  df-we 4370  df-ord 4411  df-on 4412  df-lim 4413  df-suc 4414  df-om 4673  df-xp 4711  df-rel 4712  df-cnv 4713  df-co 4714  df-dm 4715  df-rn 4716  df-res 4717  df-ima 4718  df-iota 5235  df-fun 5273  df-fn 5274  df-f 5275  df-f1 5276  df-fo 5277  df-f1o 5278  df-fv 5279  df-ov 5877  df-oprab 5878  df-mpt2 5879  df-2nd 6139  df-riota 6320  df-recs 6404  df-rdg 6439  df-er 6676  df-en 6880  df-dom 6881  df-sdom 6882  df-pnf 8885  df-mnf 8886  df-xr 8887  df-ltxr 8888  df-le 8889  df-sub 9055  df-neg 9056  df-nn 9763  df-n0 9982  df-z 10041  df-uz 10247  df-seq 11063  df-exp 11121
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