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Theorem ghmcyg 15198
Description: The image of a cyclic group under a surjective group homomorphism is cyclic. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Apr-2016.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
cygctb.1  |-  B  =  ( Base `  G
)
ghmcyg.1  |-  C  =  ( Base `  H
)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ghmcyg  |-  ( ( F  e.  ( G 
GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  ->  ( G  e. CycGrp  ->  H  e. CycGrp
) )

Proof of Theorem ghmcyg
Dummy variables  m  n  x  y  z are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 cygctb.1 . . . 4  |-  B  =  ( Base `  G
)
2 eqid 2296 . . . 4  |-  (.g `  G
)  =  (.g `  G
)
31, 2iscyg 15182 . . 3  |-  ( G  e. CycGrp 
<->  ( G  e.  Grp  /\ 
E. x  e.  B  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )
43simprbi 450 . 2  |-  ( G  e. CycGrp  ->  E. x  e.  B  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B )
5 ghmcyg.1 . . . . 5  |-  C  =  ( Base `  H
)
6 eqid 2296 . . . . 5  |-  (.g `  H
)  =  (.g `  H
)
7 ghmgrp2 14702 . . . . . 6  |-  ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  ->  H  e.  Grp )
87ad2antrr 706 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  H  e.  Grp )
9 fof 5467 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( F : B -onto-> C  ->  F : B --> C )
109ad2antlr 707 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  F : B --> C )
11 simprl 732 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  x  e.  B )
12 ffvelrn 5679 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( F : B --> C  /\  x  e.  B )  ->  ( F `  x
)  e.  C )
1310, 11, 12syl2anc 642 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  ( F `  x )  e.  C )
14 simplr 731 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  F : B -onto-> C )
15 foeq2 5464 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B  ->  ( F : ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) ) -onto-> C  <->  F : B -onto-> C ) )
1615ad2antll 709 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  ( F : ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) ) -onto-> C  <->  F : B -onto-> C ) )
1714, 16mpbird 223 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  F : ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) ) -onto-> C )
18 foelrn 5695 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( F : ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) ) -onto-> C  /\  y  e.  C )  ->  E. z  e.  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) ) y  =  ( F `
 z ) )
1917, 18sylan 457 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  ->  E. z  e.  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) ) y  =  ( F `  z ) )
20 ovex 5899 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( m (.g `  G ) x )  e.  _V
2120rgenw 2623 . . . . . . . 8  |-  A. m  e.  ZZ  ( m (.g `  G ) x )  e.  _V
22 oveq1 5881 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( n  =  m  ->  (
n (.g `  G ) x )  =  ( m (.g `  G ) x ) )
2322cbvmptv 4127 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  ( m  e.  ZZ  |->  ( m (.g `  G ) x ) )
24 fveq2 5541 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( z  =  ( m (.g `  G ) x )  ->  ( F `  z )  =  ( F `  ( m (.g `  G ) x ) ) )
2524eqeq2d 2307 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( z  =  ( m (.g `  G ) x )  ->  ( y  =  ( F `  z
)  <->  y  =  ( F `  ( m (.g `  G ) x ) ) ) )
2623, 25rexrnmpt 5686 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( A. m  e.  ZZ  (
m (.g `  G ) x )  e.  _V  ->  ( E. z  e.  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) ) y  =  ( F `
 z )  <->  E. m  e.  ZZ  y  =  ( F `  ( m (.g `  G ) x ) ) ) )
2721, 26ax-mp 8 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( E. z  e.  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) ) y  =  ( F `  z
)  <->  E. m  e.  ZZ  y  =  ( F `  ( m (.g `  G
) x ) ) )
2819, 27sylib 188 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  ->  E. m  e.  ZZ  y  =  ( F `  ( m (.g `  G ) x ) ) )
29 simpll 730 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H ) )
3029ad2antrr 706 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  /\  m  e.  ZZ )  ->  F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H ) )
31 simpr 447 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  /\  m  e.  ZZ )  ->  m  e.  ZZ )
3211ad2antrr 706 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  /\  m  e.  ZZ )  ->  x  e.  B )
331, 2, 6ghmmulg 14711 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( F  e.  ( G 
GrpHom  H )  /\  m  e.  ZZ  /\  x  e.  B )  ->  ( F `  ( m
(.g `  G ) x ) )  =  ( m (.g `  H ) ( F `  x ) ) )
3430, 31, 32, 33syl3anc 1182 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  /\  m  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( F `
 ( m (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  ( m (.g `  H ) ( F `  x ) ) )
3534eqeq2d 2307 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  /\  m  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( y  =  ( F `  ( m (.g `  G
) x ) )  <-> 
y  =  ( m (.g `  H ) ( F `  x ) ) ) )
3635rexbidva 2573 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  ->  ( E. m  e.  ZZ  y  =  ( F `  ( m (.g `  G
) x ) )  <->  E. m  e.  ZZ  y  =  ( m
(.g `  H ) ( F `  x ) ) ) )
3728, 36mpbid 201 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  (
x  e.  B  /\  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B ) )  /\  y  e.  C
)  ->  E. m  e.  ZZ  y  =  ( m (.g `  H ) ( F `  x ) ) )
385, 6, 8, 13, 37iscygd 15190 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  ( x  e.  B  /\  ran  (
n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G ) x ) )  =  B ) )  ->  H  e. CycGrp )
3938expr 598 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( F  e.  ( G  GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  /\  x  e.  B
)  ->  ( ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B  ->  H  e. CycGrp ) )
4039rexlimdva 2680 . 2  |-  ( ( F  e.  ( G 
GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  ->  ( E. x  e.  B  ran  ( n  e.  ZZ  |->  ( n (.g `  G
) x ) )  =  B  ->  H  e. CycGrp ) )
414, 40syl5 28 1  |-  ( ( F  e.  ( G 
GrpHom  H )  /\  F : B -onto-> C )  ->  ( G  e. CycGrp  ->  H  e. CycGrp
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    <-> wb 176    /\ wa 358    = wceq 1632    e. wcel 1696   A.wral 2556   E.wrex 2557   _Vcvv 2801    e. cmpt 4093   ran crn 4706   -->wf 5267   -onto->wfo 5269   ` cfv 5271  (class class class)co 5874   ZZcz 10040   Basecbs 13164   Grpcgrp 14378  .gcmg 14382    GrpHom cghm 14696  CycGrpccyg 15180
This theorem is referenced by:  giccyg  15202
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1536  ax-5 1547  ax-17 1606  ax-9 1644  ax-8 1661  ax-13 1698  ax-14 1700  ax-6 1715  ax-7 1720  ax-11 1727  ax-12 1878  ax-ext 2277  ax-rep 4147  ax-sep 4157  ax-nul 4165  ax-pow 4204  ax-pr 4230  ax-un 4528  ax-inf2 7358  ax-cnex 8809  ax-resscn 8810  ax-1cn 8811  ax-icn 8812  ax-addcl 8813  ax-addrcl 8814  ax-mulcl 8815  ax-mulrcl 8816  ax-mulcom 8817  ax-addass 8818  ax-mulass 8819  ax-distr 8820  ax-i2m1 8821  ax-1ne0 8822  ax-1rid 8823  ax-rnegex 8824  ax-rrecex 8825  ax-cnre 8826  ax-pre-lttri 8827  ax-pre-lttrn 8828  ax-pre-ltadd 8829  ax-pre-mulgt0 8830
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 177  df-or 359  df-an 360  df-3or 935  df-3an 936  df-tru 1310  df-ex 1532  df-nf 1535  df-sb 1639  df-eu 2160  df-mo 2161  df-clab 2283  df-cleq 2289  df-clel 2292  df-nfc 2421  df-ne 2461  df-nel 2462  df-ral 2561  df-rex 2562  df-reu 2563  df-rmo 2564  df-rab 2565  df-v 2803  df-sbc 3005  df-csb 3095  df-dif 3168  df-un 3170  df-in 3172  df-ss 3179  df-pss 3181  df-nul 3469  df-if 3579  df-pw 3640  df-sn 3659  df-pr 3660  df-tp 3661  df-op 3662  df-uni 3844  df-iun 3923  df-br 4040  df-opab 4094  df-mpt 4095  df-tr 4130  df-eprel 4321  df-id 4325  df-po 4330  df-so 4331  df-fr 4368  df-we 4370  df-ord 4411  df-on 4412  df-lim 4413  df-suc 4414  df-om 4673  df-xp 4711  df-rel 4712  df-cnv 4713  df-co 4714  df-dm 4715  df-rn 4716  df-res 4717  df-ima 4718  df-iota 5235  df-fun 5273  df-fn 5274  df-f 5275  df-f1 5276  df-fo 5277  df-f1o 5278  df-fv 5279  df-ov 5877  df-oprab 5878  df-mpt2 5879  df-1st 6138  df-2nd 6139  df-riota 6320  df-recs 6404  df-rdg 6439  df-er 6676  df-map 6790  df-en 6880  df-dom 6881  df-sdom 6882  df-pnf 8885  df-mnf 8886  df-xr 8887  df-ltxr 8888  df-le 8889  df-sub 9055  df-neg 9056  df-nn 9763  df-n0 9982  df-z 10041  df-uz 10247  df-fz 10799  df-seq 11063  df-0g 13420  df-mnd 14383  df-mhm 14431  df-grp 14505  df-minusg 14506  df-mulg 14508  df-ghm 14697  df-cyg 15181
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