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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 3901-4000   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremintunsn 3901 Theorem joining a singleton to an intersection. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2002.)
 |-  B  e.  _V   =>    |-  |^| ( A  u.  { B } )  =  ( |^| A  i^i  B )
 
Theoremrint0 3902 Relative intersection of an empty set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( X  =  (/)  ->  ( A  i^i  |^| X )  =  A )
 
Theoremelrint 3903* Membership in a restricted intersection. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( X  e.  ( A  i^i  |^| B )  <->  ( X  e.  A  /\  A. y  e.  B  X  e.  y
 ) )
 
Theoremelrint2 3904* Membership in a restricted intersection. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( X  e.  A  ->  ( X  e.  ( A  i^i  |^| B )  <->  A. y  e.  B  X  e.  y )
 )
 
2.1.20  Indexed union and intersection
 
Syntaxciun 3905 Extend class notation to include indexed union. Note: Historically (prior to 21-Oct-2005), set.mm used the notation  U. x  e.  A B, with the same union symbol as cuni 3827. While that syntax was unambiguous, it did not allow for LALR parsing of the syntax constructions in set.mm. The new syntax uses as distinguished symbol  U_ instead of  U. and does allow LALR parsing. Thanks to Peter Backes for suggesting this change.
 class  U_ x  e.  A  B
 
Syntaxciin 3906 Extend class notation to include indexed intersection. Note: Historically (prior to 21-Oct-2005), set.mm used the notation  |^| x  e.  A B, with the same intersection symbol as cint 3862. Although that syntax was unambiguous, it did not allow for LALR parsing of the syntax constructions in set.mm. The new syntax uses a distinguished symbol  |^|_ instead of  |^| and does allow LALR parsing. Thanks to Peter Backes for suggesting this change.
 class  |^|_
 x  e.  A  B
 
Definitiondf-iun 3907* Define indexed union. Definition indexed union in [Stoll] p. 45. In most applications,  A is independent of  x (although this is not required by the definition), and  B depends on  x i.e. can be read informally as  B ( x ). We call  x the index,  A the index set, and  B the indexed set. In most books,  x  e.  A is written as a subscript or underneath a union symbol  U.. We use a special union symbol  U_ to make it easier to distinguish from plain class union. In many theorems, you will see that  x and 
A are in the same distinct variable group (meaning  A cannot depend on  x) and that  B and  x do not share a distinct variable group (meaning that can be thought of as  B ( x ) i.e. can be substituted with a class expression containing 
x). An alternate definition tying indexed union to ordinary union is dfiun2 3937. Theorem uniiun 3955 provides a definition of ordinary union in terms of indexed union. Theorems fniunfv 5773 and funiunfv 5774 are useful when  B is a function. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jun-1998.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  { y  |  E. x  e.  A  y  e.  B }
 
Definitiondf-iin 3908* Define indexed intersection. Definition of [Stoll] p. 45. See the remarks for its sibling operation of indexed union df-iun 3907. An alternate definition tying indexed intersection to ordinary intersection is dfiin2 3938. Theorem intiin 3956 provides a definition of ordinary intersection in terms of indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jun-1998.)
 |-  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  { y  |  A. x  e.  A  y  e.  B }
 
Theoremeliun 3909* Membership in indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-2003.)
 |-  ( A  e.  U_ x  e.  B  C  <->  E. x  e.  B  A  e.  C )
 
Theoremeliin 3910* Membership in indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-2003.)
 |-  ( A  e.  V  ->  ( A  e.  |^|_ x  e.  B  C  <->  A. x  e.  B  A  e.  C )
 )
 
Theoremiuncom 3911* Commutation of indexed unions. (Contributed by NM, 18-Dec-2008.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  U_ y  e.  B  C  =  U_ y  e.  B  U_ x  e.  A  C
 
Theoremiuncom4 3912 Commutation of union with indexed union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jan-2014.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  U. B  =  U. U_ x  e.  A  B
 
Theoremiunconst 3913* Indexed union of a constant class, i.e. where  B does not depend on  x. (Contributed by NM, 5-Sep-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( A  =/=  (/)  ->  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  B )
 
Theoremiinconst 3914* Indexed intersection of a constant class, i.e. where  B does not depend on  x. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Feb-2015.)
 |-  ( A  =/=  (/)  ->  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  B )
 
Theoremiuniin 3915* Law combining indexed union with indexed intersection. Eq. 14 in in [KuratowskiMostowski] p. 109. This theorem also appears as the last example at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union%5F%28set%5Ftheory%29. (Contributed by NM, 17-Aug-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  |^|_
 y  e.  B  C  C_  |^|_ y  e.  B  U_ x  e.  A  C
 
Theoremiunss1 3916* Subclass theorem for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( A  C_  B  -> 
 U_ x  e.  A  C  C_  U_ x  e.  B  C )
 
Theoremiinss1 3917* Subclass theorem for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jan-2012.)
 |-  ( A  C_  B  -> 
 |^|_ x  e.  B  C  C_  |^|_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiuneq1 3918* Equality theorem for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jun-1998.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  -> 
 U_ x  e.  A  C  =  U_ x  e.  B  C )
 
Theoremiineq1 3919* Equality theorem for restricted existential quantifier. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jun-1998.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  -> 
 |^|_ x  e.  A  C  =  |^|_ x  e.  B  C )
 
Theoremss2iun 3920 Subclass theorem for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  B  C_  C  -> 
 U_ x  e.  A  B  C_  U_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiuneq2 3921 Equality theorem for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2003.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  B  =  C  -> 
 U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiineq2 3922 Equality theorem for indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  B  =  C  -> 
 |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  |^|_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiuneq2i 3923 Equality inference for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2003.)
 |-  ( x  e.  A  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U_ x  e.  A  C
 
Theoremiineq2i 3924 Equality inference for indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2003.)
 |-  ( x  e.  A  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  |^|_
 x  e.  A  B  =  |^|_ x  e.  A  C
 
Theoremiineq2d 3925 Equality deduction for indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 7-Dec-2011.)
 |- 
 F/ x ph   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A ) 
 ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  |^|_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiuneq2dv 3926* Equality deduction for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2004.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiineq2dv 3927* Equality deduction for indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2004.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  |^|_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiuneq1d 3928* Equality theorem for indexed union, deduction version. (Contributed by Drahflow, 22-Oct-2015.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  U_ x  e.  A  C  =  U_ x  e.  B  C )
 
Theoremiuneq12d 3929* Equality deduction for indexed union, deduction version. (Contributed by Drahflow, 22-Oct-2015.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  B )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  =  D )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  U_ x  e.  A  C  =  U_ x  e.  B  D )
 
Theoremiuneq2d 3930* Equality deduction for indexed union. (Contributed by Drahflow, 22-Oct-2015.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremnfiun 3931 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jan-2014.)
 |-  F/_ y A   &    |-  F/_ y B   =>    |-  F/_ y U_ x  e.  A  B
 
Theoremnfiin 3932 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed intersection. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jan-2014.)
 |-  F/_ y A   &    |-  F/_ y B   =>    |-  F/_ y |^|_ x  e.  A  B
 
Theoremnfiu1 3933 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 12-Oct-2003.)
 |-  F/_ x U_ x  e.  A  B
 
Theoremnfii1 3934 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-2003.)
 |-  F/_ x |^|_ x  e.  A  B
 
Theoremdfiun2g 3935* Alternate definition of indexed union when  B is a set. Definition 15(a) of [Suppes] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 23-Mar-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  B  e.  C  -> 
 U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U. { y  |  E. x  e.  A  y  =  B }
 )
 
Theoremdfiin2g 3936* Alternate definition of indexed intersection when  B is a set. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 27-Aug-2009.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  B  e.  C  -> 
 |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  |^| { y  |  E. x  e.  A  y  =  B }
 )
 
Theoremdfiun2 3937* Alternate definition of indexed union when  B is a set. Definition 15(a) of [Suppes] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jun-1998.) (Revised by David Abernethy, 19-Jun-2012.)
 |-  B  e.  _V   =>    |-  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U. { y  |  E. x  e.  A  y  =  B }
 
Theoremdfiin2 3938* Alternate definition of indexed intersection when  B is a set. Definition 15(b) of [Suppes] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jun-1998.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  B  e.  _V   =>    |-  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  |^| { y  |  E. x  e.  A  y  =  B }
 
Theoremcbviun 3939* Rule used to change the bound variables in an indexed union, with the substitution specified implicitly by the hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2006.) (Revised by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  F/_ y B   &    |-  F/_ x C   &    |-  ( x  =  y  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U_ y  e.  A  C
 
Theoremcbviin 3940* Change bound variables in an indexed intersection. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 26-Aug-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
 |-  F/_ y B   &    |-  F/_ x C   &    |-  ( x  =  y  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  =  |^|_ y  e.  A  C
 
Theoremcbviunv 3941* Rule used to change the bound variables in an indexed union, with the substitution specified implicitly by the hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2003.)
 |-  ( x  =  y 
 ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  U_ x  e.  A  B  =  U_ y  e.  A  C
 
Theoremcbviinv 3942* Change bound variables in an indexed intersection. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 26-Aug-2009.)
 |-  ( x  =  y 
 ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  |^|_
 x  e.  A  B  =  |^|_ y  e.  A  C
 
Theoremiunss 3943* Subset theorem for an indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 13-Sep-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( U_ x  e.  A  B  C_  C  <->  A. x  e.  A  B  C_  C )
 
Theoremssiun 3944* Subset implication for an indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( E. x  e.  A  C  C_  B  ->  C  C_  U_ x  e.  A  B )
 
Theoremssiun2 3945 Identity law for subset of an indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 12-Oct-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( x  e.  A  ->  B  C_  U_ x  e.  A  B )
 
Theoremssiun2s 3946* Subset relationship for an indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.)
 |-  ( x  =  C  ->  B  =  D )   =>    |-  ( C  e.  A  ->  D  C_  U_ x  e.  A  B )
 
Theoremiunss2 3947* A subclass condition on the members of two indexed classes  C
( x ) and  D ( y ) that implies a subclass relation on their indexed unions. Generalization of Proposition 8.6 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 59. Compare uniss2 3858. (Contributed by NM, 9-Dec-2004.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  E. y  e.  B  C  C_  D  -> 
 U_ x  e.  A  C  C_  U_ y  e.  B  D )
 
Theoremiunab 3948* The indexed union of a class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2004.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  { y  |  ph }  =  { y  |  E. x  e.  A  ph }
 
Theoremiunrab 3949* The indexed union of a restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jan-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  { y  e.  B  |  ph }  =  {
 y  e.  B  |  E. x  e.  A  ph
 }
 
Theoremiunxdif2 3950* Indexed union with a class difference as its index. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2004.)
 |-  ( x  =  y 
 ->  C  =  D )   =>    |-  ( A. x  e.  A  E. y  e.  ( A  \  B ) C 
 C_  D  ->  U_ y  e.  ( A  \  B ) D  =  U_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremssiinf 3951 Subset theorem for an indexed intersection. (Contributed by FL, 15-Oct-2012.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
 |-  F/_ x C   =>    |-  ( C  C_  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  <->  A. x  e.  A  C  C_  B )
 
Theoremssiin 3952* Subset theorem for an indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-2003.)
 |-  ( C  C_  |^|_ x  e.  A  B  <->  A. x  e.  A  C  C_  B )
 
Theoremiinss 3953* Subset implication for an indexed intersection. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( E. x  e.  A  B  C_  C  -> 
 |^|_ x  e.  A  B  C_  C )
 
Theoremiinss2 3954 An indexed intersection is included in any of its members. (Contributed by FL, 15-Oct-2012.)
 |-  ( x  e.  A  -> 
 |^|_ x  e.  A  B  C_  B )
 
Theoremuniiun 3955* Class union in terms of indexed union. Definition in [Stoll] p. 43. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jun-1998.)
 |- 
 U. A  =  U_ x  e.  A  x
 
Theoremintiin 3956* Class intersection in terms of indexed intersection. Definition in [Stoll] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jun-1998.)
 |- 
 |^| A  =  |^|_ x  e.  A  x
 
Theoremiunid 3957* An indexed union of singletons recovers the index set. (Contributed by NM, 6-Sep-2005.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  { x }  =  A
 
Theoremiun0 3958 An indexed union of the empty set is empty. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  (/) 
 =  (/)
 
Theorem0iun 3959 An empty indexed union is empty. (Contributed by NM, 4-Dec-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  (/)  A  =  (/)
 
Theorem0iin 3960 An empty indexed intersection is the universal class. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2005.)
 |-  |^|_ x  e.  (/)  A  =  _V
 
Theoremviin 3961* Indexed intersection with a universal index class. When  A doesn't depend on  x, this evaluates to  A by 19.3 1781 and abid2 2400. When  A  =  x, this evaluates to  (/) by intiin 3956 and intv 4186. (Contributed by NM, 11-Sep-2008.)
 |-  |^|_ x  e.  _V  A  =  { y  |  A. x  y  e.  A }
 
Theoremiunn0 3962* There is a non-empty class in an indexed collection  B ( x ) iff the indexed union of them is non-empty. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
 |-  ( E. x  e.  A  B  =/=  (/)  <->  U_ x  e.  A  B  =/=  (/) )
 
Theoremiinab 3963* Indexed intersection of a class builder. (Contributed by NM, 6-Dec-2011.)
 |-  |^|_ x  e.  A  {
 y  |  ph }  =  { y  |  A. x  e.  A  ph }
 
Theoremiinrab 3964* Indexed intersection of a restricted class builder. (Contributed by NM, 6-Dec-2011.)
 |-  ( A  =/=  (/)  ->  |^|_ x  e.  A  { y  e.  B  |  ph }  =  { y  e.  B  |  A. x  e.  A  ph
 } )
 
Theoremiinrab2 3965* Indexed intersection of a restricted class builder. (Contributed by NM, 6-Dec-2011.)
 |-  ( |^|_ x  e.  A  { y  e.  B  |  ph }  i^i  B )  =  { y  e.  B  |  A. x  e.  A  ph }
 
Theoremiunin2 3966* Indexed union of intersection. Generalization of half of theorem "Distributive laws" in [Enderton] p. 30. Use uniiun 3955 to recover Enderton's theorem. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2004.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  ( B  i^i  C )  =  ( B  i^i  U_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiunin1 3967* Indexed union of intersection. Generalization of half of theorem "Distributive laws" in [Enderton] p. 30. Use uniiun 3955 to recover Enderton's theorem. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Aug-2015.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  ( C  i^i  B )  =  ( U_ x  e.  A  C  i^i  B )
 
Theoremiinun2 3968* Indexed intersection of union. Generalization of half of theorem "Distributive laws" in [Enderton] p. 30. Use intiin 3956 to recover Enderton's theorem. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2004.)
 |-  |^|_ x  e.  A  ( B  u.  C )  =  ( B  u.  |^|_
 x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiundif2 3969* Indexed union of class difference. Generalization of half of theorem "De Morgan's laws" in [Enderton] p. 31. Use intiin 3956 to recover Enderton's theorem. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2004.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  ( B  \  C )  =  ( B  \  |^|_
 x  e.  A  C )
 
Theorem2iunin 3970* Rearrange indexed unions over intersection. (Contributed by NM, 18-Dec-2008.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  U_ y  e.  B  ( C  i^i  D )  =  ( U_ x  e.  A  C  i^i  U_ y  e.  B  D )
 
Theoremiindif2 3971* Indexed intersection of class difference. Generalization of half of theorem "De Morgan's laws" in [Enderton] p. 31. Use uniiun 3955 to recover Enderton's theorem. (Contributed by NM, 5-Oct-2006.)
 |-  ( A  =/=  (/)  ->  |^|_ x  e.  A  ( B  \  C )  =  ( B  \  U_ x  e.  A  C ) )
 
Theoremiinin2 3972* Indexed intersection of intersection. Generalization of half of theorem "Distributive laws" in [Enderton] p. 30. Use intiin 3956 to recover Enderton's theorem. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Mar-2015.)
 |-  ( A  =/=  (/)  ->  |^|_ x  e.  A  ( B  i^i  C )  =  ( B  i^i  |^|_ x  e.  A  C ) )
 
Theoremiinin1 3973* Indexed intersection of intersection. Generalization of half of theorem "Distributive laws" in [Enderton] p. 30. Use intiin 3956 to recover Enderton's theorem. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Mar-2015.)
 |-  ( A  =/=  (/)  ->  |^|_ x  e.  A  ( C  i^i  B )  =  ( |^|_ x  e.  A  C  i^i  B ) )
 
Theoremelriin 3974* Elementhood in a relative intersection. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Dec-2016.)
 |-  ( B  e.  ( A  i^i  |^|_ x  e.  X  S )  <->  ( B  e.  A  /\  A. x  e.  X  B  e.  S ) )
 
Theoremriin0 3975* Relative intersection of an empty family. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( X  =  (/)  ->  ( A  i^i  |^|_ x  e.  X  S )  =  A )
 
Theoremriinn0 3976* Relative intersection of a nonempty family. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( ( A. x  e.  X  S  C_  A  /\  X  =/=  (/) )  ->  ( A  i^i  |^|_ x  e.  X  S )  = 
 |^|_ x  e.  X  S )
 
Theoremriinrab 3977* Relative intersection of a relative abstraction. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( A  i^i  |^|_ x  e.  X  { y  e.  A  |  ph } )  =  { y  e.  A  |  A. x  e.  X  ph
 }
 
Theoremiinxsng 3978* A singleton index picks out an instance of an indexed intersection's argument. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jan-2012.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( x  =  A  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  ( A  e.  V  -> 
 |^|_ x  e.  { A } B  =  C )
 
Theoremiinxprg 3979* Indexed intersection with an unordered pair index. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jan-2012.)
 |-  ( x  =  A  ->  C  =  D )   &    |-  ( x  =  B  ->  C  =  E )   =>    |-  ( ( A  e.  V  /\  B  e.  W )  ->  |^|_ x  e.  { A ,  B } C  =  ( D  i^i  E ) )
 
Theoremiunxsng 3980* A singleton index picks out an instance of an indexed union's argument. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2016.)
 |-  ( x  =  A  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  ( A  e.  V  -> 
 U_ x  e.  { A } B  =  C )
 
Theoremiunxsn 3981* A singleton index picks out an instance of an indexed union's argument. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2016.)
 |-  A  e.  _V   &    |-  ( x  =  A  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  U_ x  e.  { A } B  =  C
 
Theoremiunun 3982 Separate a union in an indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2016.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  ( B  u.  C )  =  ( U_ x  e.  A  B  u.  U_ x  e.  A  C )
 
Theoremiunxun 3983 Separate a union in the index of an indexed union. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2016.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  ( A  u.  B ) C  =  ( U_ x  e.  A  C  u.  U_ x  e.  B  C )
 
Theoremiunxiun 3984* Separate an indexed union in the index of an indexed union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Dec-2016.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  U_  y  e.  A  B C  =  U_ y  e.  A  U_ x  e.  B  C
 
Theoremiinuni 3985* A relationship involving union and indexed intersection. Exercise 23 of [Enderton] p. 33. (Contributed by NM, 25-Nov-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( A  u.  |^| B )  =  |^|_ x  e.  B  ( A  u.  x )
 
Theoremiununi 3986* A relationship involving union and indexed union. Exercise 25 of [Enderton] p. 33. (Contributed by NM, 25-Nov-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( ( B  =  (/) 
 ->  A  =  (/) )  <->  ( A  u.  U. B )  =  U_ x  e.  B  ( A  u.  x ) )
 
Theoremsspwuni 3987 Subclass relationship for power class and union. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-2006.)
 |-  ( A  C_  ~P B  <->  U. A  C_  B )
 
Theorempwssb 3988* Two ways to express a collection of subclasses. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-2006.)
 |-  ( A  C_  ~P B  <->  A. x  e.  A  x  C_  B )
 
Theoremelpwuni 3989 Relationship for power class and union. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-2006.)
 |-  ( B  e.  A  ->  ( A  C_  ~P B  <->  U. A  =  B ) )
 
Theoremiinpw 3990* The power class of an intersection in terms of indexed intersection. Exercise 24(a) of [Enderton] p. 33. (Contributed by NM, 29-Nov-2003.)
 |- 
 ~P |^| A  =  |^|_ x  e.  A  ~P x
 
Theoremiunpwss 3991* Inclusion of an indexed union of a power class in the power class of the union of its index. Part of Exercise 24(b) of [Enderton] p. 33. (Contributed by NM, 25-Nov-2003.)
 |-  U_ x  e.  A  ~P x  C_  ~P U. A
 
Theoremrintn0 3992 Relative intersection of a nonempty set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jun-2015.)
 |-  ( ( X  C_  ~P A  /\  X  =/=  (/) )  ->  ( A  i^i  |^| X )  = 
 |^| X )
 
2.1.21  Disjointness
 
Syntaxwdisj 3993 Extend wff notation to include the statement that a family of classes  B (
x ), for  x  e.  A, is a disjoint family.
 wff Disj 
 x  e.  A B
 
Definitiondf-disj 3994* A collection of classes  B ( x ) is disjoint when for each element  y, it is in  B ( x ) for at most one  x. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.) (Revised by NM, 16-Jun-2017.)
 |-  (Disj  x  e.  A B 
 <-> 
 A. y E* x  e.  A y  e.  B )
 
Theoremdfdisj2 3995* Alternate definition for disjoint classes. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jun-2017.)
 |-  (Disj  x  e.  A B 
 <-> 
 A. y E* x ( x  e.  A  /\  y  e.  B ) )
 
Theoremdisjss2 3996 If each element of a collection is contained in a disjoint collection, the original collection is also disjoint. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  B  C_  C  ->  (Disj  x  e.  A C  -> Disj  x  e.  A B ) )
 
Theoremdisjeq2 3997 Equality theorem for disjoint collection. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( A. x  e.  A  B  =  C  ->  (Disj  x  e.  A B 
 <-> Disj  x  e.  A C ) )
 
Theoremdisjeq2dv 3998* Equality deduction for disjoint collection. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  B  =  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (Disj  x  e.  A B  <-> Disj  x  e.  A C ) )
 
Theoremdisjss1 3999* A subset of a disjoint collection is disjoint. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( A  C_  B  ->  (Disj  x  e.  B C  -> Disj  x  e.  A C ) )
 
Theoremdisjeq1 4000* Equality theorem for disjoint collection. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2016.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  ->  (Disj  x  e.  A C 
 <-> Disj  x  e.  B C ) )
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