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Theorem pythagtriplem6 12874
Description: Lemma for pythagtrip 12887. Calculate  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) ). (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
pythagtriplem6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )

Proof of Theorem pythagtriplem6
StepHypRef Expression
1 nnz 10045 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( C  e.  NN  ->  C  e.  ZZ )
213ad2ant3 978 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  C  e.  ZZ )
3 nnz 10045 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( B  e.  NN  ->  B  e.  ZZ )
433ad2ant2 977 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  B  e.  ZZ )
52, 4zsubcld 10122 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  ZZ )
653ad2ant1 976 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  ZZ )
7 pythagtriplem10 12873 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 ) )  ->  0  <  ( C  -  B )
)
873adant3 975 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  0  <  ( C  -  B
) )
9 elnnz 10034 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( C  -  B )  e.  NN  <->  ( ( C  -  B )  e.  ZZ  /\  0  < 
( C  -  B
) ) )
106, 8, 9sylanbrc 645 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  NN )
1110nnnn0d 10018 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  NN0 )
12 simp3 957 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  C  e.  NN )
13 simp2 956 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  B  e.  NN )
1412, 13nnaddcld 9792 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  NN )
1514nnzd 10116 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  ZZ )
16153ad2ant1 976 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  ZZ )
17 nnnn0 9972 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( A  e.  NN  ->  A  e.  NN0 )
18173ad2ant1 976 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  A  e.  NN0 )
19183ad2ant1 976 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  A  e.  NN0 )
2011, 16, 193jca 1132 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  e.  NN0  /\  ( C  +  B
)  e.  ZZ  /\  A  e.  NN0 ) )
21 pythagtriplem4 12872 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  gcd  ( C  +  B ) )  =  1 )
2221oveq1d 5873 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B )
)  gcd  A )  =  ( 1  gcd 
A ) )
23 nnz 10045 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( A  e.  NN  ->  A  e.  ZZ )
24233ad2ant1 976 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  A  e.  ZZ )
25243ad2ant1 976 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  A  e.  ZZ )
26 1gcd 12716 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( A  e.  ZZ  ->  (
1  gcd  A )  =  1 )
2725, 26syl 15 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
1  gcd  A )  =  1 )
2822, 27eqtrd 2315 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B )
)  gcd  A )  =  1 )
2920, 28jca 518 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  -  B )  e.  NN0  /\  ( C  +  B
)  e.  ZZ  /\  A  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B
) )  gcd  A
)  =  1 ) )
30 oveq1 5865 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A ^ 2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^
2 )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) ) )
31303ad2ant2 977 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) ) )
3224zcnd 10118 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  A  e.  CC )
3332sqcld 11243 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( A ^ 2 )  e.  CC )
34 nncn 9754 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( B  e.  NN  ->  B  e.  CC )
35343ad2ant2 977 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  B  e.  CC )
3635sqcld 11243 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( B ^ 2 )  e.  CC )
3733, 36pncand 9158 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( A ^
2 ) )
38373ad2ant1 976 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( A ^
2 ) )
39 nncn 9754 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( C  e.  NN  ->  C  e.  CC )
40393ad2ant3 978 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  C  e.  CC )
41 subsq 11210 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( C  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( C ^
2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  +  B )  x.  ( C  -  B
) ) )
4240, 35, 41syl2anc 642 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  +  B )  x.  ( C  -  B
) ) )
4314nncnd 9762 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  CC )
445zcnd 10118 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  CC )
4543, 44mulcomd 8856 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( C  +  B
)  x.  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B
) ) )
4642, 45eqtrd 2315 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B
) ) )
47463ad2ant1 976 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B
) ) )
4831, 38, 473eqtr3d 2323 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( A ^ 2 )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B )
) )
49 coprimeprodsq 12862 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( ( C  -  B )  e.  NN0  /\  ( C  +  B
)  e.  ZZ  /\  A  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B
) )  gcd  A
)  =  1 )  ->  ( ( A ^ 2 )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B )
)  ->  ( C  -  B )  =  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) ^ 2 ) ) )
5029, 48, 49sylc 56 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  =  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A ) ^
2 ) )
5150fveq2d 5529 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( sqr `  (
( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) ^ 2 ) ) )
526, 25gcdcld 12697 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  gcd  A )  e.  NN0 )
5352nn0red 10019 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  gcd  A )  e.  RR )
5452nn0ge0d 10021 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  0  <_  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )
5553, 54sqrsqd 11902 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A ) ^
2 ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )
5651, 55eqtrd 2315 1  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    /\ wa 358    /\ w3a 934    = wceq 1623    e. wcel 1684   class class class wbr 4023   ` cfv 5255  (class class class)co 5858   CCcc 8735   0cc0 8737   1c1 8738    + caddc 8740    x. cmul 8742    < clt 8867    - cmin 9037   NNcn 9746   2c2 9795   NN0cn0 9965   ZZcz 10024   ^cexp 11104   sqrcsqr 11718    || cdivides 12531    gcd cgcd 12685
This theorem is referenced by:  pythagtriplem8  12876  pythagtriplem11  12878  pythagtriplem13  12880
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1533  ax-5 1544  ax-17 1603  ax-9 1635  ax-8 1643  ax-13 1686  ax-14 1688  ax-6 1703  ax-7 1708  ax-11 1715  ax-12 1866  ax-ext 2264  ax-sep 4141  ax-nul 4149  ax-pow 4188  ax-pr 4214  ax-un 4512  ax-cnex 8793  ax-resscn 8794  ax-1cn 8795  ax-icn 8796  ax-addcl 8797  ax-addrcl 8798  ax-mulcl 8799  ax-mulrcl 8800  ax-mulcom 8801  ax-addass 8802  ax-mulass 8803  ax-distr 8804  ax-i2m1 8805  ax-1ne0 8806  ax-1rid 8807  ax-rnegex 8808  ax-rrecex 8809  ax-cnre 8810  ax-pre-lttri 8811  ax-pre-lttrn 8812  ax-pre-ltadd 8813  ax-pre-mulgt0 8814  ax-pre-sup 8815
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 177  df-or 359  df-an 360  df-3or 935  df-3an 936  df-tru 1310  df-ex 1529  df-nf 1532  df-sb 1630  df-eu 2147  df-mo 2148  df-clab 2270  df-cleq 2276  df-clel 2279  df-nfc 2408  df-ne 2448  df-nel 2449  df-ral 2548  df-rex 2549  df-reu 2550  df-rmo 2551  df-rab 2552  df-v 2790  df-sbc 2992  df-csb 3082  df-dif 3155  df-un 3157  df-in 3159  df-ss 3166  df-pss 3168  df-nul 3456  df-if 3566  df-pw 3627  df-sn 3646  df-pr 3647  df-tp 3648  df-op 3649  df-uni 3828  df-int 3863  df-iun 3907  df-br 4024  df-opab 4078  df-mpt 4079  df-tr 4114  df-eprel 4305  df-id 4309  df-po 4314  df-so 4315  df-fr 4352  df-we 4354  df-ord 4395  df-on 4396  df-lim 4397  df-suc 4398  df-om 4657  df-xp 4695  df-rel 4696  df-cnv 4697  df-co 4698  df-dm 4699  df-rn 4700  df-res 4701  df-ima 4702  df-iota 5219  df-fun 5257  df-fn 5258  df-f 5259  df-f1 5260  df-fo 5261  df-f1o 5262  df-fv 5263  df-ov 5861  df-oprab 5862  df-mpt2 5863  df-1st 6122  df-2nd 6123  df-riota 6304  df-recs 6388  df-rdg 6423  df-1o 6479  df-2o 6480  df-oadd 6483  df-er 6660  df-en 6864  df-dom 6865  df-sdom 6866  df-fin 6867  df-sup 7194  df-pnf 8869  df-mnf 8870  df-xr 8871  df-ltxr 8872  df-le 8873  df-sub 9039  df-neg 9040  df-div 9424  df-nn 9747  df-2 9804  df-3 9805  df-n0 9966  df-z 10025  df-uz 10231  df-rp 10355  df-fz 10783  df-fl 10925  df-mod 10974  df-seq 11047  df-exp 11105  df-cj 11584  df-re 11585  df-im 11586  df-sqr 11720  df-abs 11721  df-dvds 12532  df-gcd 12686  df-prm 12759
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