MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  pythagtriplem6 Structured version   Unicode version

Theorem pythagtriplem6 13195
Description: Lemma for pythagtrip 13208. Calculate  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) ). (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
pythagtriplem6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )

Proof of Theorem pythagtriplem6
StepHypRef Expression
1 nnz 10303 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( C  e.  NN  ->  C  e.  ZZ )
213ad2ant3 980 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  C  e.  ZZ )
3 nnz 10303 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( B  e.  NN  ->  B  e.  ZZ )
433ad2ant2 979 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  B  e.  ZZ )
52, 4zsubcld 10380 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  ZZ )
653ad2ant1 978 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  ZZ )
7 pythagtriplem10 13194 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 ) )  ->  0  <  ( C  -  B )
)
873adant3 977 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  0  <  ( C  -  B
) )
9 elnnz 10292 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( C  -  B )  e.  NN  <->  ( ( C  -  B )  e.  ZZ  /\  0  < 
( C  -  B
) ) )
106, 8, 9sylanbrc 646 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  NN )
1110nnnn0d 10274 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  NN0 )
12 simp3 959 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  C  e.  NN )
13 simp2 958 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  B  e.  NN )
1412, 13nnaddcld 10046 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  NN )
1514nnzd 10374 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  ZZ )
16153ad2ant1 978 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  ZZ )
17 nnnn0 10228 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( A  e.  NN  ->  A  e.  NN0 )
18173ad2ant1 978 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  A  e.  NN0 )
19183ad2ant1 978 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  A  e.  NN0 )
2011, 16, 193jca 1134 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  e.  NN0  /\  ( C  +  B
)  e.  ZZ  /\  A  e.  NN0 ) )
21 pythagtriplem4 13193 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  gcd  ( C  +  B ) )  =  1 )
2221oveq1d 6096 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B )
)  gcd  A )  =  ( 1  gcd 
A ) )
23 nnz 10303 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( A  e.  NN  ->  A  e.  ZZ )
24233ad2ant1 978 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  A  e.  ZZ )
25243ad2ant1 978 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  A  e.  ZZ )
26 1gcd 13037 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( A  e.  ZZ  ->  (
1  gcd  A )  =  1 )
2725, 26syl 16 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
1  gcd  A )  =  1 )
2822, 27eqtrd 2468 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B )
)  gcd  A )  =  1 )
2920, 28jca 519 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  -  B )  e.  NN0  /\  ( C  +  B
)  e.  ZZ  /\  A  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B
) )  gcd  A
)  =  1 ) )
30 oveq1 6088 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A ^ 2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^
2 )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) ) )
31303ad2ant2 979 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) ) )
3224zcnd 10376 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  A  e.  CC )
3332sqcld 11521 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( A ^ 2 )  e.  CC )
34 nncn 10008 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( B  e.  NN  ->  B  e.  CC )
35343ad2ant2 979 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  B  e.  CC )
3635sqcld 11521 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( B ^ 2 )  e.  CC )
3733, 36pncand 9412 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( A ^
2 ) )
38373ad2ant1 978 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( A ^
2 ) )
39 nncn 10008 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( C  e.  NN  ->  C  e.  CC )
40393ad2ant3 980 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  C  e.  CC )
41 subsq 11488 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( C  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( C ^
2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  +  B )  x.  ( C  -  B
) ) )
4240, 35, 41syl2anc 643 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  +  B )  x.  ( C  -  B
) ) )
4314nncnd 10016 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  +  B )  e.  CC )
445zcnd 10376 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  CC )
4543, 44mulcomd 9109 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( C  +  B
)  x.  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B
) ) )
4642, 45eqtrd 2468 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  (
( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B
) ) )
47463ad2ant1 978 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C ^ 2 )  -  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B
) ) )
4831, 38, 473eqtr3d 2476 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( A ^ 2 )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B )
) )
49 coprimeprodsq 13183 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( ( C  -  B )  e.  NN0  /\  ( C  +  B
)  e.  ZZ  /\  A  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  ( C  +  B
) )  gcd  A
)  =  1 )  ->  ( ( A ^ 2 )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  x.  ( C  +  B )
)  ->  ( C  -  B )  =  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) ^ 2 ) ) )
5029, 48, 49sylc 58 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  =  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A ) ^
2 ) )
5150fveq2d 5732 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( sqr `  (
( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) ^ 2 ) ) )
526, 25gcdcld 13018 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  gcd  A )  e.  NN0 )
5352nn0red 10275 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  gcd  A )  e.  RR )
5452nn0ge0d 10277 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  0  <_  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )
5553, 54sqrsqd 12222 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A ) ^
2 ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )
5651, 55eqtrd 2468 1  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B )  gcd  A
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    /\ wa 359    /\ w3a 936    = wceq 1652    e. wcel 1725   class class class wbr 4212   ` cfv 5454  (class class class)co 6081   CCcc 8988   0cc0 8990   1c1 8991    + caddc 8993    x. cmul 8995    < clt 9120    - cmin 9291   NNcn 10000   2c2 10049   NN0cn0 10221   ZZcz 10282   ^cexp 11382   sqrcsqr 12038    || cdivides 12852    gcd cgcd 13006
This theorem is referenced by:  pythagtriplem8  13197  pythagtriplem11  13199  pythagtriplem13  13201
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1555  ax-5 1566  ax-17 1626  ax-9 1666  ax-8 1687  ax-13 1727  ax-14 1729  ax-6 1744  ax-7 1749  ax-11 1761  ax-12 1950  ax-ext 2417  ax-sep 4330  ax-nul 4338  ax-pow 4377  ax-pr 4403  ax-un 4701  ax-cnex 9046  ax-resscn 9047  ax-1cn 9048  ax-icn 9049  ax-addcl 9050  ax-addrcl 9051  ax-mulcl 9052  ax-mulrcl 9053  ax-mulcom 9054  ax-addass 9055  ax-mulass 9056  ax-distr 9057  ax-i2m1 9058  ax-1ne0 9059  ax-1rid 9060  ax-rnegex 9061  ax-rrecex 9062  ax-cnre 9063  ax-pre-lttri 9064  ax-pre-lttrn 9065  ax-pre-ltadd 9066  ax-pre-mulgt0 9067  ax-pre-sup 9068
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 178  df-or 360  df-an 361  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-tru 1328  df-ex 1551  df-nf 1554  df-sb 1659  df-eu 2285  df-mo 2286  df-clab 2423  df-cleq 2429  df-clel 2432  df-nfc 2561  df-ne 2601  df-nel 2602  df-ral 2710  df-rex 2711  df-reu 2712  df-rmo 2713  df-rab 2714  df-v 2958  df-sbc 3162  df-csb 3252  df-dif 3323  df-un 3325  df-in 3327  df-ss 3334  df-pss 3336  df-nul 3629  df-if 3740  df-pw 3801  df-sn 3820  df-pr 3821  df-tp 3822  df-op 3823  df-uni 4016  df-int 4051  df-iun 4095  df-br 4213  df-opab 4267  df-mpt 4268  df-tr 4303  df-eprel 4494  df-id 4498  df-po 4503  df-so 4504  df-fr 4541  df-we 4543  df-ord 4584  df-on 4585  df-lim 4586  df-suc 4587  df-om 4846  df-xp 4884  df-rel 4885  df-cnv 4886  df-co 4887  df-dm 4888  df-rn 4889  df-res 4890  df-ima 4891  df-iota 5418  df-fun 5456  df-fn 5457  df-f 5458  df-f1 5459  df-fo 5460  df-f1o 5461  df-fv 5462  df-ov 6084  df-oprab 6085  df-mpt2 6086  df-1st 6349  df-2nd 6350  df-riota 6549  df-recs 6633  df-rdg 6668  df-1o 6724  df-2o 6725  df-oadd 6728  df-er 6905  df-en 7110  df-dom 7111  df-sdom 7112  df-fin 7113  df-sup 7446  df-pnf 9122  df-mnf 9123  df-xr 9124  df-ltxr 9125  df-le 9126  df-sub 9293  df-neg 9294  df-div 9678  df-nn 10001  df-2 10058  df-3 10059  df-n0 10222  df-z 10283  df-uz 10489  df-rp 10613  df-fz 11044  df-fl 11202  df-mod 11251  df-seq 11324  df-exp 11383  df-cj 11904  df-re 11905  df-im 11906  df-sqr 12040  df-abs 12041  df-dvds 12853  df-gcd 13007  df-prm 13080
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator