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Theorem sadadd 12906
Description: For sequences that correspond to valid integers, the adder sequence function produces the sequence for the sum. This is effectively a proof of the correctness of the ripple carry adder, implemented with logic gates corresponding to df-had 1386 and df-cad 1387.

It is interesting to consider in what sense the sadd function can be said to be "adding" things outside the range of the bits function, that is, when adding sequences that are not eventually constant and so do not denote any integer. The correct interpretation is that the sequences are representations of 2-adic integers, which have a natural ring structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2016.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
sadadd  |-  ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( (bits `  A
) sadd  (bits `  B )
)  =  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) ) )

Proof of Theorem sadadd
Dummy variables  k 
c  m  n are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 bitsss 12865 . . . . . 6  |-  (bits `  A )  C_  NN0
2 bitsss 12865 . . . . . 6  |-  (bits `  B )  C_  NN0
3 sadcl 12901 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( (bits `  A )  C_ 
NN0  /\  (bits `  B
)  C_  NN0 )  -> 
( (bits `  A
) sadd  (bits `  B )
)  C_  NN0 )
41, 2, 3mp2an 654 . . . . 5  |-  ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B ) )  C_  NN0
54sseli 3287 . . . 4  |-  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B
) )  ->  k  e.  NN0 )
65a1i 11 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B ) )  ->  k  e.  NN0 ) )
7 bitsss 12865 . . . . 5  |-  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) )  C_  NN0
87sseli 3287 . . . 4  |-  ( k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B )
)  ->  k  e.  NN0 )
98a1i 11 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) )  ->  k  e.  NN0 ) )
10 eqid 2387 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  seq  0
( ( c  e.  2o ,  m  e. 
NN0  |->  if (cadd ( m  e.  (bits `  A ) ,  m  e.  (bits `  B ) ,  (/)  e.  c ) ,  1o ,  (/) ) ) ,  ( n  e.  NN0  |->  if ( n  =  0 ,  (/) ,  ( n  - 
1 ) ) ) )  =  seq  0
( ( c  e.  2o ,  m  e. 
NN0  |->  if (cadd ( m  e.  (bits `  A ) ,  m  e.  (bits `  B ) ,  (/)  e.  c ) ,  1o ,  (/) ) ) ,  ( n  e.  NN0  |->  if ( n  =  0 ,  (/) ,  ( n  - 
1 ) ) ) )
11 eqid 2387 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  `' (bits  |`  NN0 )  =  `' (bits  |`  NN0 )
12 simpll 731 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  A  e.  ZZ )
13 simplr 732 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  B  e.  ZZ )
14 simpr 448 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  k  e.  NN0 )
15 1nn0 10169 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  1  e.  NN0
1615a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  1  e.  NN0 )
1714, 16nn0addcld 10210 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( k  +  1 )  e.  NN0 )
1810, 11, 12, 13, 17sadaddlem 12905 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B ) )  i^i  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  (bits `  ( ( A  +  B )  mod  (
2 ^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
1912, 13zaddcld 10311 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  ZZ )
20 bitsmod 12875 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  +  B
)  e.  ZZ  /\  ( k  +  1 )  e.  NN0 )  ->  (bits `  ( ( A  +  B )  mod  ( 2 ^ (
k  +  1 ) ) ) )  =  ( (bits `  ( A  +  B )
)  i^i  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
2119, 17, 20syl2anc 643 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  (bits `  (
( A  +  B
)  mod  ( 2 ^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )  =  ( (bits `  ( A  +  B
) )  i^i  (
0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
2218, 21eqtrd 2419 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B ) )  i^i  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( (bits `  ( A  +  B
) )  i^i  (
0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
2322eleq2d 2454 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( k  e.  ( ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B
) )  i^i  (
0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )  <-> 
k  e.  ( (bits `  ( A  +  B
) )  i^i  (
0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
24 elin 3473 . . . . . 6  |-  ( k  e.  ( ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B ) )  i^i  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )  <->  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A
) sadd  (bits `  B )
)  /\  k  e.  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
25 elin 3473 . . . . . 6  |-  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  ( A  +  B
) )  i^i  (
0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )  <-> 
( k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) )  /\  k  e.  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
2623, 24, 253bitr3g 279 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B
) )  /\  k  e.  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )  <->  ( k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B ) )  /\  k  e.  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
27 nn0uz 10452 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  NN0  =  ( ZZ>= `  0 )
2814, 27syl6eleq 2477 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  k  e.  (
ZZ>= `  0 ) )
29 eluzfz2 10997 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  0
)  ->  k  e.  ( 0 ... k
) )
3028, 29syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  k  e.  ( 0 ... k ) )
3114nn0zd 10305 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  k  e.  ZZ )
32 fzval3 11108 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( k  e.  ZZ  ->  (
0 ... k )  =  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )
3331, 32syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( 0 ... k )  =  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )
3430, 33eleqtrd 2463 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  k  e.  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )
3534biantrud 494 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A
) sadd  (bits `  B )
)  <->  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A
) sadd  (bits `  B )
)  /\  k  e.  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
3634biantrud 494 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B ) )  <->  ( k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B ) )  /\  k  e.  ( 0..^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
3726, 35, 363bitr4d 277 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A
) sadd  (bits `  B )
)  <->  k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) ) ) )
3837ex 424 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( k  e.  NN0  ->  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B ) )  <-> 
k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) ) ) ) )
396, 9, 38pm5.21ndd 344 . 2  |-  ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( k  e.  ( (bits `  A ) sadd  (bits `  B ) )  <-> 
k  e.  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) ) ) )
4039eqrdv 2385 1  |-  ( ( A  e.  ZZ  /\  B  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( (bits `  A
) sadd  (bits `  B )
)  =  (bits `  ( A  +  B
) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    <-> wb 177    /\ wa 359  caddwcad 1385    = wceq 1649    e. wcel 1717    i^i cin 3262    C_ wss 3263   (/)c0 3571   ifcif 3682    e. cmpt 4207   `'ccnv 4817    |` cres 4820   ` cfv 5394  (class class class)co 6020    e. cmpt2 6022   1oc1o 6653   2oc2o 6654   0cc0 8923   1c1 8924    + caddc 8926    - cmin 9223   2c2 9981   NN0cn0 10153   ZZcz 10214   ZZ>=cuz 10420   ...cfz 10975  ..^cfzo 11065    mod cmo 11177    seq cseq 11250   ^cexp 11309  bitscbits 12858   sadd csad 12859
This theorem is referenced by:  bitsres  12912  smumullem  12931
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1552  ax-5 1563  ax-17 1623  ax-9 1661  ax-8 1682  ax-13 1719  ax-14 1721  ax-6 1736  ax-7 1741  ax-11 1753  ax-12 1939  ax-ext 2368  ax-rep 4261  ax-sep 4271  ax-nul 4279  ax-pow 4318  ax-pr 4344  ax-un 4641  ax-inf2 7529  ax-cnex 8979  ax-resscn 8980  ax-1cn 8981  ax-icn 8982  ax-addcl 8983  ax-addrcl 8984  ax-mulcl 8985  ax-mulrcl 8986  ax-mulcom 8987  ax-addass 8988  ax-mulass 8989  ax-distr 8990  ax-i2m1 8991  ax-1ne0 8992  ax-1rid 8993  ax-rnegex 8994  ax-rrecex 8995  ax-cnre 8996  ax-pre-lttri 8997  ax-pre-lttrn 8998  ax-pre-ltadd 8999  ax-pre-mulgt0 9000  ax-pre-sup 9001
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 178  df-or 360  df-an 361  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-xor 1311  df-tru 1325  df-had 1386  df-cad 1387  df-ex 1548  df-nf 1551  df-sb 1656  df-eu 2242  df-mo 2243  df-clab 2374  df-cleq 2380  df-clel 2383  df-nfc 2512  df-ne 2552  df-nel 2553  df-ral 2654  df-rex 2655  df-reu 2656  df-rmo 2657  df-rab 2658  df-v 2901  df-sbc 3105  df-csb 3195  df-dif 3266  df-un 3268  df-in 3270  df-ss 3277  df-pss 3279  df-nul 3572  df-if 3683  df-pw 3744  df-sn 3763  df-pr 3764  df-tp 3765  df-op 3766  df-uni 3958  df-int 3993  df-iun 4037  df-disj 4124  df-br 4154  df-opab 4208  df-mpt 4209  df-tr 4244  df-eprel 4435  df-id 4439  df-po 4444  df-so 4445  df-fr 4482  df-se 4483  df-we 4484  df-ord 4525  df-on 4526  df-lim 4527  df-suc 4528  df-om 4786  df-xp 4824  df-rel 4825  df-cnv 4826  df-co 4827  df-dm 4828  df-rn 4829  df-res 4830  df-ima 4831  df-iota 5358  df-fun 5396  df-fn 5397  df-f 5398  df-f1 5399  df-fo 5400  df-f1o 5401  df-fv 5402  df-isom 5403  df-ov 6023  df-oprab 6024  df-mpt2 6025  df-1st 6288  df-2nd 6289  df-riota 6485  df-recs 6569  df-rdg 6604  df-1o 6660  df-2o 6661  df-oadd 6664  df-er 6841  df-map 6956  df-pm 6957  df-en 7046  df-dom 7047  df-sdom 7048  df-fin 7049  df-sup 7381  df-oi 7412  df-card 7759  df-cda 7981  df-pnf 9055  df-mnf 9056  df-xr 9057  df-ltxr 9058  df-le 9059  df-sub 9225  df-neg 9226  df-div 9610  df-nn 9933  df-2 9990  df-3 9991  df-n0 10154  df-z 10215  df-uz 10421  df-rp 10545  df-fz 10976  df-fzo 11066  df-fl 11129  df-mod 11178  df-seq 11251  df-exp 11310  df-hash 11546  df-cj 11831  df-re 11832  df-im 11833  df-sqr 11967  df-abs 11968  df-clim 12209  df-sum 12407  df-dvds 12780  df-bits 12861  df-sad 12890
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