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Theorem tfi 4644
Description: The Principle of Transfinite Induction. Theorem 7.17 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 39. This principle states that if  A is a class of ordinal numbers with the property that every ordinal number included in  A also belongs to  A, then every ordinal number is in  A.

See theorem tfindes 4653 or tfinds 4650 for the version involving basis and induction hypotheses. (Contributed by NM, 18-Feb-2004.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
tfi  |-  ( ( A  C_  On  /\  A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  A  =  On )
Distinct variable group:    x, A

Proof of Theorem tfi
StepHypRef Expression
1 eldifn 3301 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A )  ->  -.  x  e.  A )
21adantl 454 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  /\  x  e.  ( On  \  A
) )  ->  -.  x  e.  A )
3 eldifi 3300 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A )  ->  x  e.  On )
4 onss 4582 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  x  C_  On )
5 difin0ss 3522 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( ( ( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  ( x  C_  On  ->  x  C_  A
) )
64, 5syl5com 28 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  (
( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/)  ->  x  C_  A ) )
76imim1d 71 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( x  e.  On  ->  (
( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  ( ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A
) ) )
87a2i 14 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( x  e.  On  ->  ( (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A ) ) )
93, 8syl5 30 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A
)  ->  ( (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A ) ) )
109imp 420 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  /\  x  e.  ( On  \  A
) )  ->  (
( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/)  ->  x  e.  A ) )
112, 10mtod 170 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  /\  x  e.  ( On  \  A
) )  ->  -.  ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/) )
1211ex 425 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( x  e.  On  ->  ( x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( x  e.  ( On  \  A
)  ->  -.  (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/) ) )
1312ralimi2 2617 . . . . 5  |-  ( A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  A. x  e.  ( On  \  A )  -.  ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/) )
14 ralnex 2555 . . . . 5  |-  ( A. x  e.  ( On  \  A )  -.  (
( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/)  <->  -.  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A
) ( ( On 
\  A )  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
1513, 14sylib 190 . . . 4  |-  ( A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  -.  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A ) ( ( On  \  A )  i^i  x
)  =  (/) )
16 ssdif0 3515 . . . . . 6  |-  ( On  C_  A  <->  ( On  \  A )  =  (/) )
1716necon3bbii 2479 . . . . 5  |-  ( -.  On  C_  A  <->  ( On  \  A )  =/=  (/) )
18 ordon 4574 . . . . . 6  |-  Ord  On
19 difss 3305 . . . . . 6  |-  ( On 
\  A )  C_  On
20 tz7.5 4413 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( Ord  On  /\  ( On  \  A )  C_  On  /\  ( On  \  A )  =/=  (/) )  ->  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A ) ( ( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
2118, 19, 20mp3an12 1269 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( On  \  A )  =/=  (/)  ->  E. x  e.  ( On  \  A
) ( ( On 
\  A )  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
2217, 21sylbi 189 . . . 4  |-  ( -.  On  C_  A  ->  E. x  e.  ( On 
\  A ) ( ( On  \  A
)  i^i  x )  =  (/) )
2315, 22nsyl2 121 . . 3  |-  ( A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A )  ->  On  C_  A )
2423anim2i 554 . 2  |-  ( ( A  C_  On  /\  A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  ( A  C_  On  /\  On  C_  A
) )
25 eqss 3196 . 2  |-  ( A  =  On  <->  ( A  C_  On  /\  On  C_  A ) )
2624, 25sylibr 205 1  |-  ( ( A  C_  On  /\  A. x  e.  On  (
x  C_  A  ->  x  e.  A ) )  ->  A  =  On )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 5    -> wi 6    /\ wa 360    = wceq 1624    e. wcel 1685    =/= wne 2448   A.wral 2545   E.wrex 2546    \ cdif 3151    i^i cin 3153    C_ wss 3154   (/)c0 3457   Ord word 4391   Oncon0 4392
This theorem is referenced by:  tfis  4645  tfisg  23606
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 7  ax-2 8  ax-3 9  ax-mp 10  ax-gen 1534  ax-5 1545  ax-17 1604  ax-9 1637  ax-8 1645  ax-13 1687  ax-14 1689  ax-6 1704  ax-7 1709  ax-11 1716  ax-12 1868  ax-ext 2266  ax-sep 4143  ax-nul 4151  ax-pr 4214  ax-un 4512
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 179  df-or 361  df-an 362  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-tru 1312  df-ex 1530  df-nf 1533  df-sb 1632  df-eu 2149  df-mo 2150  df-clab 2272  df-cleq 2278  df-clel 2281  df-nfc 2410  df-ne 2450  df-ral 2550  df-rex 2551  df-rab 2554  df-v 2792  df-sbc 2994  df-dif 3157  df-un 3159  df-in 3161  df-ss 3168  df-pss 3170  df-nul 3458  df-if 3568  df-sn 3648  df-pr 3649  df-tp 3650  df-op 3651  df-uni 3830  df-br 4026  df-opab 4080  df-tr 4116  df-eprel 4305  df-po 4314  df-so 4315  df-fr 4352  df-we 4354  df-ord 4395  df-on 4396
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